Melanie Dixon, M.D.
Dermatology, Family Medicine
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4. Wear sunglasses.
Sunglasses are an important part of a person’s summer wardrobe, but it’s not all about fashion. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the sun’s UV rays can cause damage to the eyes and diminish eyesight over time. Try to wear sunglasses that block both UVA and UVB rays, with a rating of 99-100 percent of UV rays blocked.
5. Protect children from the sun.
Sunscreen can be applied to children older than six months. Severe, frequent sunburns experienced at a younger age can increase the risk of skin cancer later in life. Infants should be protected from direct sunlight, wear hats and use protective clothing, but be sure they don’t overheat.
6. Examine your skin.
Take the time to inspect your skin and be aware of any freckles, moles, bumps or birthmarks. Use the A-B-C-D-E test, developed by the American Academy of Dermatology, to determine if you should be concerned about any changes to your skin.
- A stands for asymmetrical shape. Do you have a mole or growth on the skin that is shaped irregularly?
- B stands for irregular border. Does your mole or growth have an abnormal or notched border?
- C stands for changes in color. Does your mole or growth have multiple colors or an unequal distribution of color.
- D stands for diameter. Do you have a newly discovered growth or mole larger than one-quarter inch in diameter?
- E stands for evolving. Has your mole or growth changed over time in terms of color or shape? Is there any new bleeding or itchiness?
If you answered “yes” to any of these questions, you should speak with your health care provider and have your mole or skin growth evaluated right away.